During the decades of conflict in Afghanistan, educational services were severely disrupted and the education system suffered near total destruction. Many educated Afghans fled as refugees and then migrated to other countries. Those educators remaining in Afghanistan were isolated for much of this period, and so had little contact with global developments in education. This also meant that many teachers in Afghanistan have little or no formal training and therefore lack the knowledge to teach students to the levels required for further education or university entrance.
Our Master Science Teacher Training program began in December 2007, in partnership with the Afghan Ministry of Education, as a response to the poor performance of students in senior secondary levels and the failure of students to transition to senior secondary or tertiary education.
As at end 2017, 3,700 in-service secondary science and mathematics teachers had been trained in theoretical and practical curriculum and modern pedagogy. With an average teacher to pupil ratio of 1:46 in Kabul City and Kabul Province, and 1:51 in Herat Province, this means that approximately 185,000 senior secondary students would have indirectly benefited from our MSTT program.
Since July 2012 AADO has trained in-service science teachers as Master Science Teachers in Kabul city; Kabul Provinces, Parwan, Samanagan, Kunar, Uruzgan, Kapisar and Sur-e-pal Provinces. These Master Teachers return to their high schools or tertiary training centres to pass on their newly acquired knowledge to other teachers. This multiplies the reach of our training programs to the surrounding education community to support school success and university entrance for Afghanistan’s young people.
A snapshot from Sur-e-Pul Province
A four week MSTT program was held in Sar-e-Pul in September, 2014. Sar-e-pul city is the center of Sar-e-pul province and has 593 villages. We selected 100 trainees, all from the center of Sar-e-Pul province and district provinces – Balkhab, Saayad, Gosfandi, Sancharak, Sozma qala.
There are 383 schools (86 high schools) and 30 Islamic studies, Teacher Training, and Technical schools as well in Sar-e-pul province. About 136,000 school students (81,600 male & 54,400 female) attend schools in Sar-e-pul province.
Because of conflict in Afghanistan, many of the female teachers were not teaching in the field and had lost many years of their teaching experiences as well as knowledge and understanding in their given field. It was a great opportunity for female science teachers to get the benefit of this Master Science Teacher Training program.